|The Emblem of Samutprakarn|
| Samutprakarn Province widely know as
"Muang Pak Nam" is located at the mouth of the Chao Phraya
River , north to the Gulf of Thailand and
twenty-five kilometers from Bangkok. The whole area covers
1,004 square kilometers of alluvial plain,
crisscrossed by canals, causing some areas to
be flooded. The water in these canals
is briney in the dry season. Most of the area is covered
with paddy fields and orchards, with
groves of Samae (a small tree of
the family Myrsinaceae), prong (a
plant of the genus Cycas), the mangrove and nipa
palms. Well known goods from this province are
"Khanom Chak" or sweetened sticky rice wrapped by nipa
palm leaves and dried gourami.|
The administration of Samutprakarn Province is divided into five districts
- Muang Samutprakarn
- Bang Pli
- Phra Pradaeng
- Bang Boh
- Phra Samut Chedi.
| Samutprakarn was
founded during the Ayutthaya Period. The administrative center
of the old community, known as Muang Prapadaeng,
was in an area currently the location of Prapadaeng District. It was a sea
port for foreign mechandise ships that traded with
Along the coast, forts, town moats and town-walls were constructed as a stronghold against hostile forces. During the Thonburi Period, King Tak Sin ordered dismantlement of the town-walls. In the Ratanakosin Period, King Rama II was afraid that this town might have been used by the enemy as a route to transport their troops and supplies. The King thus had Muang Samutprakarn constructed in Tambon Paknam in 1819. The construction was completed in three years, with six forts being built on both sides of the Chao Phraya River. Only three could be finished in this reign -- Prakaisit Fort, Nagaraj Fort and Phi Sua Samut Fort. King Rama II visited the site of construction several times.
By the royal command, a chedi, by the name of "Phra Samut Chedi," was erected on an island in the middle of the Chao Phraya River.
Unfortunately, the King passed away before the completion of the whole new town, leaving the construction to be resumed and completed in the reign of King Rama III, with three more forts to be added - Tri Petch Fort, Kongkapun Fort and Sua Sonlep Fort.King Rama V Pra Samut Chedi renovated the height of the chedi being elevated, and one more fort by the coast being built, named "Phra Chulachomklao Fort". At present, only Phi Sua Smut Fort and Phra Chilachomklao Fort remain a good condition whereas others are dilapidated.
|How to get there|
|By Waterway |
The Chao Phraya River, passing through Phra Pradaeng and Muang Districts in Samutprakarn Province to the Gulf of Thailand, is a waterway to Bangkok. Besides, there are numerous canals, namely, Klong They, Klong Dan, Klong Samrong, Klong Sanpasamit, Klong Pravesburirom and Klong Phro Ong Chao Chaiyanuchit.
Sukhumvit Road (the old route) is a highway from Bangkok leading to Samutprakarn Province.
Air-conditioned bused Por Or 6 (Pakkred-Phra Pradaeng), Por Or 7 (Talad Phu-Samrong), Por Or 8 (Tha Rajavoradit-Pak Nam), Por Or 11 (Bang Lumpu-Pak Nam), Por Or 13 (Ragsit-Phu Chao Samingplai), and Por Or 126 (Nontaburi-Samrong).